OA mandate of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences – how effective is it?

*guest post by Andras Holl*

The Hungarian Academy of Sciences is a complex organization. Besides of being a learned society, the Academy operates a chain of research institutes and acts as a funding agency as well. Its Open Access mandate is effective from 2013. Reviews of the Hungarian OA landscape can be found in the PASTEUR4OA briefing paper of A. Holl (2014) and the talk of Zs. Nagy (2016). Two universities having (recently accepted) OA mandates are the University of Debrecen and the University of Szeged.

The mandate of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences was updated in 2016. The main changes are the following:

  • Longer embargoes are accepted now for AHSS (2 years) than for STM (1 year).
  • CC BY-NC-ND license is required (wider permissions are possible).
  • Waivers could be issued by the heads of the institutes.
  • Accepted venues are specified: OA journals listed in DOAJ, certified Hungarian repositories, international repositories listed by MTMT, plus hybrid journals.

Hungarian Open Access mandates – the mandate of the Academy among them – tend to be color-blind: every flavor of OA is acceptable. This makes monitoring difficult, however, the MTMT (Hungarian Scientific Bibliography) could be utilized. An OA monitoring tool was developed with the help of  the SIM4RDM project. MTMT recognizes OA journals, but green and hybrid OA should be tagged in the database (with URLs). Those papers deposited to Hungarian repositories using the MTMT SWORD utility are tagged automatically.

Statistics are available for the Academy for the years 2014 and 2015: in both cases somewhat less than 60% of the papers conform to the mandate (Open Access or under embargo).  For the six largest universities data are available for 2015: between 13-30% of the output is Open Access, and there seems to be little correlation with the existence of a mandate. Mandates could be too recent to effect the results and researchers might not be aware of the fact they need to tag green or hybrid OA papers in MTMT.

Gwen Franck

Open Access Programme Coordinator at EIFL - Electronic Information for Libraries / Open Access Project Officer at LIBER - Association of European Research Libraries

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